Known for its unique appearance, the Monstera adansonii plant is a popular and easy-to-care houseplant. You may also know it as a Swiss cheese vine, split leaf, or five-hole plant. All of these nicknames come from the pointed leaves that have holes like Swiss cheese. Monstera adansonii is a smaller relative of the famous Monstera adansonii (this is often called the Swiss cheese plant). It is often mislabeled as Monstera adansonii, a much rarer member of the family. If you love the look of delicious Monstera, but don’t have the space, adansonii is perfect for you. Because it seems to grow slower and isn’t that big, which makes it ideal for smaller spaces. Monstera adansonii (Swiss Cheese Wine) is a relatively easy plant to propagate by cuttings and in this article we will show you step by step how to grow the Monstera adansonii plant.
Monstera Adansonii: How to grow a (Swiss cheese Plant)
Monstera adansonii requires medium indirect light. Too much light causes the yellow leaves or foliage on the “legs” to stretch out to reach the sun. Too much light will cause the leaves to burn. It can be difficult to find the sweet spot this plant needs for lighting. Fortunately, in all other respects, this is an easy plant overall.
Swiss cheese plants grow best in a peat-based potting mix, which will help trap moisture from the soil without flooding. For strong growth, try to get a soil pH between 5.5 and 7.
These plants like to be constantly moist but not saturated. Before dipping your Swiss cheese plant, dip your finger into the soil an inch deep. If the soil feels almost dry to the touch, it’s time to water the plant. Water until a small amount of water comes out of the drainage holes in the container.
Temperature and Moisture
These jungle plants thrive in very high humidity and warm temperatures. The more extensive it can mimic the natural conditions of the plant, the better. Make sure your plant always stays in a location above 40 degrees Fahrenheit and protect it from drafts. A humidity level above 50% is ideal. A warm, well-lit bathroom is a good place for this plant. If you need to increase the humidity, spray the plant or use a humidifier in your space.
After planting (or replanting) the plant, wait at least four to six months for it to fertilize, as potting mix usually already contains a slow-release fertilizer. After that, fertilize your Swiss cheese plant monthly, using an all-purpose liquid fertilizer diluted in half.
The Swiss cheese plant is a climber, so you may need to dig it up if it starts to grow steeper than your space. If you need to prune your plant, try to do it in the spring. Use sterile razor scissors to cut the stems no more than 25 percent. Cut just before the leaf node. Also, remove any dead or damaged leaves as needed.
As a vine plant, this plant tends to grow fast and with long, extensive foliage. Pruning this plant cannot control the size, but it does allow the leaves and stems to grow stronger. They usually don’t mind being crowded and cozy, so don’t worry if you think your terrarium may be too small.
Swiss cheese plant propagation
The easiest method of propagating a Swiss cheese plant is by stem cuttings. This is not only an inexpensive way to get new plants, but it also allows you to remove the stems that you remove with good pruning. Spring is the best time to spread. Here it is:
- Trim a 4- to 6-inch piece of stem, cutting just past a leaf node. Remove the leaves from the lower third to the middle of the cut.
- Apply the hormone from the root to the cut end.
- Place the cutting in moist soilless potting mix in a small container with drainage holes. Place it in a warm place with bright indirect light.
- Continue to keep the growing medium slightly moist. It should have well-formed roots in a few months, after which you can transfer the cutting to a larger pot.
How to grow a Swiss cheese plant from seed
To grow a Swiss cheese plant from seed, place them in a shallow tray filled with a moist seed mixture. Lightly coat the seeds with the growing medium. Place plastic wrap over the tray to trap moisture and place in a warm location with bright indirect light. Spray the growing medium to keep it slightly moist. The seeds should germinate in a few weeks. After that, remove the plastic wrap but continue to keep the growing medium moist. The seedlings should be large enough to transplant in a few months.
Common problems with the Swiss cheese plant
When grown in the conditions it likes, the Swiss cheese plant does not usually have serious problems. However, if you are unable to meet your indoor environmental needs, there are very likely some common questions to ask.
Leaves turning yellow
Overwatering generally causes the leaves to deteriorate. Make sure your plant never sits on soft soil and let it dry out between watering.
Leaves turning black
Black markings on leaves can be a sign of leaf scorch from direct sunlight. Observe your plant throughout the day to make sure the sun doesn’t hit it for too long. Especially make sure to protect it from the strong afternoon sun.
How to care for Monstera Adansonii (Swiss Cheese Plant)
Despite its delicate beauty, growing Monstera adansonii is quite simple. Place in a pot with drainage holes using standard potting soil that contains peat. (Peat helps trap moisture without submerging.) Best viewed in a hanging basket or planter on a high shelf or some other place where your railing vines can be displayed to your advantage without getting in the way. Place the plant near a window where it receives bright but indirect sunlight. Trim the vines as needed if they start to look unkempt to encourage new growth.
Watering is the hardest part of caring for Monstera. They like soil that is constantly moist but does not want to be soft. They also like high humidity, which can be especially challenging in winter, so consider using a humidifier. Yellow leaves are a common question and suggest that something about your watering schedule is ready. Test the soil with a finger before watering – at least the top inch should be dry. On the other hand, make sure you don’t give it so much water that the top layer of soil remains moist for several days in a row. Watering once a week should be sufficient, although you may need to test a frequency based on the temperature and humidity of your home.
How to spread Monstera Adansonii
Monstera adansonii is extremely easy to propagate. You can propagate the vines and put them back in the pot to make the mother plant more complete. Or propagate and grow new plants to share with friends and family!
Root Monstera Adansonii Cuttings in Water
Cut a piece of vine, making sure there are at least one or two nodes in the cutting (part of the stem where the leaves form). Take your cuts and place them in a small vase filled with water. Place it where it gets plenty of indirect light and refresh the water regularly. Then wait. There will be roots within a week or three. Once the cuttings have strong roots, it is time to place them in the ground.
Root Monstera Adansonii Cutting in the Ground
Another way to propagate your Monstera adansonii is to avoid water rooting and go straight to the ground.
Give your plant super powerful roots by using a rooting hormone on your cuttings. Dip your cuttings in water first, then dip the bottom 1/4 inch in rooted hormone powder. Fill a small pot with slightly damp, well-drained soil and glue to cut about 1/2 inch deep. Put it somewhere with indirect light and wait. It will take a few weeks for the plant to take root and until you see new growth occur.
Swiss cheese pot and plant replacement
Any container with drainage holes will be a Swiss cheese plant. These plants look especially good in hanging baskets. When planting a nursery plant, choose a container that is slightly larger than the root ball of the plant. Place it to the same depth that it was in a nursery container, using a peat-based potting mix. Plan to transplant every two years into a slightly larger container of fresh potted mix. Spring is the best time to plant and transplant.
Where to buy Monstera adansonii plants
Start at your local plant nursery or garden center to find plants. The best (and a lot of fun!) To choose the particular plant you want to take home. If you can’t go to a nearby plant store that has Monstera adansonii, there are several plant growers who sell them online on Amazon and Etsy.